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Disaster Plans and Emergency Management for Communities

Disaster Plans and Emergency Management for Communities

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By Allison G. S. Knox
Contributor, EDM Digest

A recent article in the Caribbean publication Searchlight announced that “twelve communities on the Island of St. Vincent would be volcano-ready by 2019.” The article briefly explained that the notion of being “volcano-ready” includes having volcanologists and CERT team volunteers  prepared with the right equipment and training to handle such a disaster. In small communities, any emergency preparedness measures are particularly important for how they will ultimately save lives during a disaster. While the idea of volcanologists and volunteers creating a system that prepares individuals for a volcanic eruption is a good one, emergency management experts have long insisted that there are many facets to making sure a community is disaster-ready.

The efforts to create a volcano-ready community are certainly well-intentioned, but the measures cited in the Searchlight article would not be sufficient to handle large-scale emergencies if Saint Vincent ever faced such a disaster. Unfortunately, the article does not say what emergency preparedness measures St. Vincent currently has in place or how the article’s ideas would improve life on the island.

Proper Emergency Management Involves Complicated Events

Emergency management is complicated. To effectively manage small-scale to large-scale emergencies, a lot of collaborative manpower and a variety of different agencies, nonprofits and international relief organizations will need to work together.

More important, emergency management doesn’t involve a quick fix of bringing in a few volunteers to handle the disaster. Emergencies demand so many resources and manpower that it often takes years to restore a community to what it was before a disaster.

Hurricane Michael’s devastation of the Florida Panhandle earlier this week is one example. It will take many months, if not years, for communities like Mexico Beach and Panama City to return to normal.

Disasters Should Be All-Hazard Oriented

Getting a community to be volcano-ready is important, but community training should really use the all-hazards approach. This plan will help people working during an emergency to maintain the attitude that “we can handle anything that comes our way.”

St. Vincent will certainly experience other disasters besides volcano eruptions. It is essential for volunteers who help in such emergencies to be trained to handle a variety of different scenarios.

Collaboration Is Key

Ultimately, a variety of different factors must go into effective preparation for a large-scale emergency. For St. Vincent to be truly volcano-ready, there needs to be serious collaboration among several different agencies that will come together to properly manage future disasters.

To accomplish this goal, effective plans must be in place. Also, there needs to be training on a regular basis to quickly find gaps in any emergency management plans.

Allison G. S. Knox Passionate about the issues affecting ambulances and disaster management, Allison focuses on Emergency Management and Emergency Medical Services policy. Allison has taught at the undergraduate level since 2010. Prior to teaching, she worked in a level-one trauma center emergency department and for a member of congress in Washington, D.C. She holds four Master’s degrees in Emergency Management, National Security Studies, International Relations, History, a Graduate Certificate in Homeland Security and a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science. She is also trained in Technical Large Animal Emergency Rescue, is an Emergency Medical Technician, Lifeguard and a Lifeguard Instructor. She serves on the Board of Trustees for Pi Gamma Mu International Honor Society, Vice Chair of the Tactical Emergency Medical Support Committee with the International Public Safety Association, the Advocacy Committee with the National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians and also serves as the Advocacy Coordinator of Virginia for the National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians.